Guns have existed for more than a thousand years and as such, there are plenty of types of ammunition created for each weapon.

So many bullets exist because manufacturers are trying to make the shooting experience better. For example, less lethal ammunition was created due to the concern of ammunition ending a life before it’s supposed to.

Many types of ammunition come in all different sizes and shapes, and determining which ammo is right for your firearm can be difficult. Whether you’re a gun enthusiast or choosing a firearm for self-defense, we’ve broken down all the different types of ammunition to give you a simple guide and help you make the right choice. Let’s get started!

Cast Bullets

One popular type of ammunition is cast bullets. These bullets are made by pouring molten lead into a mold. The lead then cools and forms the shape of the bullet.

These are typically used for target practice or plinking. They are also popular with shooters who reload their ammunition. Cast bullets are usually less expensive than other types of bullets and can be more accurate because there is less wind resistance.

Most cast bullets today are made by individuals for use in their pistol hand loads. They come in a variety of sizes, from 9mm to .45 caliber.

The 9mm bullets are the smallest and are usually used for self-defense. But, the .45 caliber and 10mm bullets are the largest and are used for hunting games.

Full Metal Jacket Ammunition

Full metal jacket ammunition is a type of ammunition that is normally encased in a metal jacket. This type of ammunition is often used in military applications and can be used in both handguns and rifles. Full metal jacket ammunition is often considered to be more accurate than other bullet types because the metal jacket helps to keep the bullet from deforming as it travels through the air.

Open Tip Match (OTM)

There are many types of ammunition and it can be confusing to know which one to use. Open tip match (OTM) ammunition is a great option for those who want to be accurate with their shots.

The open tip makes it easier to hit your target and the match grade ensures that you have a consistent shot. This type of ammunition is also good for those who want to keep their options open when it comes to the caliber. 

Soft Bullet or Soft-Nosed Bullet

A soft bullet or soft-nosed bullet is a type of ammunition designed to expand on impact, causing the most damage to the target. These bullets are typically used for hunting or self-defense applications, as they are less likely to pass through the target and hit innocent bystanders. Soft bullets are usually made of lead or copper and have a hollow point design.

Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) 

Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) ammunition is one of the most popular choices for self-defense. JHP rounds feature a protective jacket around the lead bullet, which helps to inhibit expansion and increase penetration. The hollow point bullet design also creates a larger hole upon impact, which can help to stop an attacker quickly.

JHP ammunition is available in a variety of calibers, so it is fine to use for both pistols and rifles. 

Boat Tail Ammunition

Boat tail ammunition is a type of bullet that has a pointed rear end and a wide, flat bottom. The purpose of this design is to improve the aerodynamic performance of the bullet. They are generally used in long-range shooting applications, where the improved accuracy and trajectory can make a significant difference.

There are a few different boat tail designs, but the most common is the double-tapering boat tail. This design starts with a regular cylindrical shape and then tapers down at the rear. The result is a bullet that is more aerodynamic than a traditional bullet but still retains a good amount of mass.

Boat tail bullets are not the only type of ammunition that can improve accuracy at long range. But, they are one of the most popular choices among competitive shooters and hunters. If you are looking to improve your long-range accuracy, boat tail bullets are a great option to consider.

Wadcutter Ammunition

Wadcutters are a type of ammunition designed for target shooting. They have a flat front and a rounded back, which makes them very stable in flight and accurate at long range. Wadcutters are available in both revolver and pistol calibers.

Semi-Wadcutter Ammunition

Semi-Wadcutter ammunition is a type of ammunition that is usually used in revolvers and pistols. The bullet has a flat nose, which makes it easier to load into the chamber.

The main advantage of Semi-Wadcutter ammunition is that it is more accurate than other types of ammunition. The downside is that it is more expensive.

Shotshell Ammunition

There are three main types of shotshell ammunition- birdshot, buckshot, and slugs. Birdshot is usually used for hunting small game and birds. Buckshot is larger and heavier than birdshot and is normally used for hunting larger game, or for self-defense.

Slugs are the heaviest type of shotshell ammunition and are typically used for hunting large game, or for self-defense. The most common sizes are 12 gauge and 20 gauge.

Blank Rounds

A blank round is a type of ammunition that is usually used in a firearm that contains powder but no bullet or shot. Blank rounds are generally used for a variety of purposes, including training, in a film set, target practice, and signaling. When blank rounds use in a training setting, they provide noise and recoil, which helps to prepare soldiers for combat situations.

Target practice blank rounds are normally used in handguns and small caliber rifles. 

Types of Ammunition for Your Specific Need

Ammunition is a crucial factor in the shooting. The type of ammunition you use will determine the accuracy and power of your shots. There are many different types of ammunition available, so it is paramount to choose the right one for your needs.

This guide gave you a brief overview of the different types of ammunition available, so you can make an informed decision when choosing your munitions. Use this information to make the best choices for your firearm and shooting needs.

If you think this article has helped you, check out our other blogs!

By Manali