Even though solar power is one of the more conventional forms of renewable energy, a good number of individuals still ask the question: how do solar panels work?

Trust us, we understand. The process may initially seem a little confusing and challenging to comprehend.

Our goal is to make this process easier for you! Below, we’ve compiled three key things you should know about solar panels before trying to install one in your own house.

Let’s jump in!

1. How Is Solar Power Generated?

Solar panels are made of photovoltaic cells.  These cells convert sunlight into electricity.

Each cell comprises two layers of semiconductor material, usually silicon. When sunlight strikes the PV cell, electrons are knocked loose from the atoms in the silicon.

The silicon layers are treated so that one has a positive charge and the other has a negative charge. This creates an electric field, like the field between the poles of a battery.

As the electrons flow through the electric field, they generate a current that can be used to power electric devices or to be stored in batteries. PV cells are typically joined in strings or groups to generate a larger current and are used to make solar panels.

2. How Do Solar Panels Work With Batteries?

Solar batteries work by storing the energy produced by the solar cells in the form of electricity. This electricity can power your home or business when insufficient sunlight is available or during a grid outage.

There are three main types of solar batteries. The most common type of lead acid. They are also the heaviest and require the most maintenance.

Nickel-cadmium batteries are lighter and require less maintenance but are more expensive. Lithium-ion batteries are the lightest and most expensive but have the most extended lifespan and require minor maintenance.

Solar batteries typically have a lifespan of 10 years or more.

3. How Are Solar Panels Installed?

Solar panels are installed by attaching them to the roof with brackets or rails. Then, the panels are oriented to produce the most energy, usually north in the Southern Hemisphere or due south in the Northern Hemisphere.

The panels are then connected to an inverter, which converts the DC electricity generated by the panels into AC power that can be used in your home. If you’re looking for the perfect solar power provider in your area, Blue Raven Solar can help you.

Ready to Go Solar?

Solar panels work by converting the sun’s energy into electrical energy that can be used to power your home or business. Going solar means caring for the planet.

Solar panels can use batteries as energy storage, so you don’t have to worry about losing power during a blackout. You must get professional assistance installing a solar panel system in your home.

These are only basic information, but when someone asks you, “how do solar panels work?” you will know the answer. 

Ready to begin your solar journey? Browse our website for more related info.

By Manali